Water Quality Report
by Brodhead Creek Regional Authority
Click Here to View the 2010 CCR (Consumer Confidence Report)
Click Here To View the 2008 CCR (Consumer Confidence Report)*
*This report is for the period 1/1/2008-12/31/2008. The cover reflects the year it was mailed out to our customers (2009). This issue has been addressed and future CCR's will be dated the same year as the data. Thank you.
Watershed Protection and Treatment
The first step in providing quality drinking water is to protect our sources. The Brodhead Creek Regional Authority draws surface water from the Brodhead Creek. We also draw groundwater from two production wells.
For many years the BCRA has worked hard with local municipalities, the Department of Environmental Protection, the Monroe County Planning Commission and independent groups, such as the Brodhead Watershed Association to monitor and protect the Brodhead Creek watershed area. Additionally, we have worked to educate the general public and governing bodies in Monroe County of the value of this resource and the need to maintain its high quality. Maintaining a high quality water source prior to entering the treatment plant is the first step of a multi-barrier approach to producing an excellent drinking water and protecting the public health.
Certified operators utilizing a state-of-the-art treatment facility further ensure the quality of the water through filtration and other sophisticated treatment processes. A high quality water is produced prior to entering the distribution system which includes over 90 miles of water lines serving the Borough of Stroudsburg, Stroud Township, Pocono Township, Hamilton Township, and Smithfield Township. Over the past decade the BCRA has invested over six million dollars in upgrading its water treatment facility, developing wells, protecting its underground aquifers and establishing a wellhead/watershed protection program.
Lastly, the BCRA constantly monitors its water quality by utilizing an independent EPA and DEP certified laboratory to collect and test the water we serve our customers. Currently, the BCRA is using Benchmark Analytics of Center Valley, PA as its independent laboratory.
Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population. Immuno-compromised persons such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, people who have undergone transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, some elderly, and infants can be particularly at risk for infections. These people should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers. EPA/CDC guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium and other microbial contaminants are available from the
Safe Drinking Water Hotline: (800-426-4791)
Terms & abbreviations used:
Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG): the level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is
no known or expected risk to health. MCLGs allow for a margin of safety.
Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL): the highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water.
MCLs are set as close to the MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology.
Action Level (AL): the concentration of a contaminant which, when exceeded, triggers treatment or other
requirements which a water system must follow:
n/a: not applicable
n/d: not detectable at testing limit
ppb: parts per billion or micrograms per liter
ppm: parts per million or milligrams per liter
pCi/l: picocuries per liter (a measure of radiation)
TT: Treatment Technique
Water Quality Data
Explanation of expected contaminants
The sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottled water) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs, and wells. As water travels over the surface of the land or through the ground, it dissolves naturally occurring minerals and, in some cases, radioactive material, and can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity.
Contaminants that may be present in source water include:
Microbial contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria, which may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations, and wildlife. Inorganic contaminants, such as salts and metals, which can be naturally occurring or result from urban storm runoff, industrial or domestic wastewater discharges, oil and gas production, mining, or farming. Pesticides and herbicides, which may come from a variety of sources such as agriculture, urban stormwater runoff, and residential uses. Organic chemical contaminants, including synthetic and volatile organic chemicals, which are by-products of industrial processes and petroleum production, and can also come from gas stations, urban stormwater runoff, and septic systems. Radioactive contaminants, which can be naturally occurring or be the result of oil and gas production and mining activities.
The CCR found at the top of this page lists all (if any) water contaminants that we detected during testing. The presence of these contaminants in the water does not necessarily indicate that the water poses a health risk.
The Brodhead Creek Regional Authority also participated in the USEPA testing protocol for Unregulated Contamination Monitoring Rule (UCMR).
Unregulated contaminants are those for which EPA has not established drinking water standards. The purpose of un-regulated contaminant monitoring is to assist EPA in determining the occurrence of unregulated contaminants in drinking water and whether future regulation is warranted.
The UCMR program tested a list of 11 potential contaminants including MTBE (a gasoline additive). None of the 11 contaminants tested were detected.
In 2005 the Authority conducted quarterly testing on Total Organic Carbon (TOC) and Alkalinity levels in its raw water and TOC levels in its finished water. The average Alkalinity level was 10.5 mg/l. The average TOC in raw water was 1.9 mg/l and the average TOC in finished water was 0.5 mg/l.
This testing compliments the Total Trihalomethane testing to determine how well the water plant removes dissolved carbons from the finshed water.
In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, EPA prescribes regulations which limit the amount of certain contaminants in water provided by public water systems. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations establish limits for con-taminants in bottled water which must provide the same protection for public health. Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants. The presence of contami- nants does not necessarily indicate that the water poses a health risk. More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the Environmental Protection Agency’s Safe Drinking Water Hotline (800-426-4791).
The BCRA continues to participate in the Partnership For Safe Water Program and has developed a Source Water Protection Plan with the help of grant money from the PA DEP.
New Name: On May 18, 2005, the Borough Council of Stroudsburg voted in favor of allowing the Stroudsburg Municipal Authority to become the Brodhead Creek Regional Authority.
Over the years the Stroudsburg Municipal Authority, which was owned by the Borough of Stroudsburg, had become a “regional authority” serving the Borough and the Townships of Stroud, Smithfield, Hamilton and Pocono with public water and fire protection.
The Board of the Stroudsburg Municipal Authority felt that the time had come to approach the Borough with a proposal to allow the other municipalities to become owners of the Authority and to appoint their own Board members.
That proposal, which was accepted by the Borough on May 18, 2005 and ratified by the member municipalities, will pay the Borough almost $13,000,000 over the next 40 years.
The current Board will complete their terms of appointment and act as a “transition” Board until the new member municipalities appoint their own representatives.
In the process, the term of the Authority, is extended until 2055, and the name has been changed to the Brodhead Creek Regional Authority to reflect the essence of its business and its service area.
While continuing to preserve the Authority as a publicly owned and operated utility, this change also compliments the regional planning, zoning and open space initiatives the owner municipalities are currently instituting.
While the name has changed, the Authority’s purpose and goals are not changing. Providing the highest quality water at a reasonable cost accompanied by an excellent, local customer service team continues to be the foundation of the Brodhead Creek Regional Authority.
Otherwise feel free to call us at
570-421-3232, if you have any questions.
Kenneth R. Brown
Brodhead Creek Regional Authority
Infants and young children are typically more vulnerable to lead in drinking water than the general population. It is possible that lead levels at your home may be higher than at other homes in the community as a result of materials used in your home’s plumbing. If you are concerned about elevated lead levels in your home’s water, you may wish to have your water tested or flush your tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before using tap water. Additional information is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline (800-426-4791). The Authority tested for lead/copper in 2005.
The results noted herein are those tests which detected any numerical result. Over 95% of the testing done by our contract laboratory falls into the “not detectable” (at testing limit) category. The Brodhead Creek Regional Authority conducts over 400 water quality tests every year as explained below:
Inorganic Contaminants: also known as IOC’s are most notably salts and metals, many of which occur naturally. Only Nitrate showed detectable results in 2005. Synthetic Organic Contaminants: generally include pesticides/herbicides and related compounds. The Authority tested for these compounds in 2005 with no detection levels found.
Volatile Organic Chemicals: generally byproducts of industrial/chemical/petroleum factories. In 2005, the Authority tested twenty-three such compounds with only two compounds having detectable levels. These were Total Trihalomethanes and Haloacetic Acids.
Coliform Bacteria: a naturally occurring non-disease causing bacteria used as an “indicator” for testing purposes. A minimum of 25 tests/month were performed by the Authority in 2005. For 2005 the Authority had two routine samples out of compliance for coliform bacteria (out of over 300 samples taken). Additional check samples came into compliance for those locations.
Turbidity: is a measure of the cloudiness of the water. We monitor it because it is a good indicator of the effectiveness of our filtration system. For the year 2005, the Authority achieved the <0.5 NTU levels at all times for all twelve months, achieving a 100% compliance record.
In-house Testing: this testing is done daily by our state certified water treatment plant operators and is used to help them maximize the operation of the water treatment plant in order to produce the highest quality water for our customers.
Board Meetings: the BCRA Board holds its monthly meetings the first Wednesday of each month at 12:00 p.m. (noon).
If you have any questions regarding this report or your water quality, please call Kenneth R. Brown at 570-421-3232 or Patrick Lambert at 570-421-0998.